87212445614

г. Сарань, школа-гимназия №17

Mazar of Igilik-biy

The representative of the clan Murat Igilik Utepov was born in 1769. and later became the richest landowner in Central Kazakhstan, which owned thousands of cattle. In addition, he owned the lands on which mining deposits were located, which were important for appearing industry in the region.
In 1833. The colonial authorities confirmed the election of Igilik Utepov as the main biy of Kareke — Altai volost of the Akmola external district and presented him with a silver seal with gilding. Soon, for the perfect order in the legal proceedings, Igilik Utepov was awarded a gold medal on the Anninskaya ribbon and an honorary caftan.

Igilik biy paid great attention to the development of education, sending young men to the cities to study handicraft specialties at his own expense. Using prestige with the colonial authorities, he tried to make easier the life of the Kazakh people, who were subjected to heavy tax oppression. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, in the novel ‘The Awakened Land’ by Gabit Musrepov, Igilik Utepov was distinguished by purposefulness, justice and religiosity.
After being discovered in 1833. on the territory of the Karaganda coal basin by the shepherd Appak Baizhanov of coal, Igilik Utepov established the extraction of this mineral from an open coal seam in the Karagandy tract — bass. Initially coal was supplied to nearby villages for heating houses, and later, as its production increased, it was sent in caravans to Akmolinsk and sold at fairs. Igilik-biy, realizing the importance of developing a coal deposit for the development of the region, invested a lot in increasing its production. However, the lack of specialists did not allow to achieve significant results.
In 1847 an expedition organized by Russian industrialists led by Abdulgafar Rakhmatullin discovered coal deposits at a depth of 7 meters near the bank of the Sokur River. In 1856 the lands on which coal deposits were discovered were sold to Nikon Ushakov, Petropavlovsk merchant of the II guild, for 255 silver rubles. The merchant and his companions expanded coal production and began to use it for the needs of the production of the Spassky copper factory. Igilik Utepov gave drivers and draft animals, organized the delivery of raw materials to factories and the export of products to railway stations.
Egilik-biy died in 1860 and was buried in the territory of the modern city of Saran. Around in 1875 — 1880 a majestic mazar was erected over the grave in the form of an irregular octagon. Initially the mazar was a domed structure with a height of about 5.5 m. The entrance opening (1.7 x 1.4 m) is oriented to the south. There are small triangular light openings. The maximum wall thickness is up to 1.25m. The material from which the mazar was built is adobe brick.
As a result of precipitation and wind erosion, the walls of the mazar, which have survived to nowadays are significantly eroded and weathered. The preserved height of the mazar is about 4.5 m.
September 22, 2000 mazar Igilik-biya was recognized as a monument of history and architecture and taken under state protection. This mazar is the main historical sight the city of Saran.


Igilik biy mazar restoration project


Nowadays, as a result of the impact of precipitation and wind erosion, the walls of the Igilik biy mazar, consisting of adobe bricks, are significantly eroded and weathered. In addition, the mazar has no dome, the entrance opening is washed out and partly destroyed.
The left side of the mazar wall from the entrance is the most damaged
We offer our plan the restoration this cultural and historical monument which includes strengthening the foundation, restoring the dome and facing the mazar with new adobe bricks, identical to those from which it was originally built.
As a result, this will allow the mazar to return to its original appearance and prevent its further destruction.

Prilutskiy M.A., Danilov I.M.
Project managers